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Name of Media:

Guidelines for Family-Centered Care in the Neonatal, Pediatric, and Adult ICU


Judy E. Davidson, DNP, RN, FCCM, FAAN; Rebecca A. Aslakson, MD, PhD, FAAHPM; Ann C. Long, MD, MS; Kathleen A. Puntillo, PhD, RN, FAAN, FCCM; Erin K. Kross, MD; Joanna Hart, MD, MS; Christopher E. Cox, MD, MPH; Hannah Wunsch, MD, MSc; Mary A. Wickline, MLIS, MEd; Mark E. Nunnally, MD, FCCM; Gloria Netzer, MD, MSCE; Nancy Kentish-Barnes, PhD; Charles L. Sprung, MD, MCCM, JD; Christiane S. Hartog, MD; Maureen Coombs, PhD, RN; Rik T. Gerritsen, MD, FCCM; Ramona O. Hopkins, PhD; Linda S. Franck, PhD, RN, FRCPCH, FAAN; Yoanna Skrobik, MD, FRCP; Alexander A. Kon, MD, FCCM; Elizabeth A. Scruth, PhD, MPH, RN, CCRN, CCNS, FCCM; Maurene A. Harvey, MPH, MCCM; Mithya Lewis-Newby, MD, MPH; Douglas B. White, MD, MAS; Sandra M. Swoboda, MS, RN, FCCM; Colin R. Cooke, MD, MS; Mitchell M. Levy, MD, MCCM, FCCM; Elie Azoulay, MD, PhD; J. Randall Curtis, MD, MPH

Publisher or Source:

Critical Care Medicine

Type of Media:

Medical Journal

Media Originally for:

Critical Care Physicians, General Medical Professionals, Nurses and/or Other Critical Care Medical Professionals

Country of Origin:

United States

Primary Focus of Media:

Post Intensive Care Syndrome for Families (PICS-F)

COVID-19 Related:



There is increasing evidence of the significant impact that critical illness has on family members of the critically ill. Stressful decision making often falls to family members because most patients in the ICU are too ill to participate in deci sion making (1). Furthermore, family members bear a significant burden of caregiving to the more than 50% of critical illness survivors who have post discharge disability (2, 3). Approximately one quarter to one half of family members of critically ill children or adults experience psychological symptoms, including acute stress, post-traumatic stress, generalized anxiety, and depression both during and after the critical illness of a loved one (4–6). The sum total of family exposure to critical illness may result in what has been termed “Post-Intensive Care Syndrome-Family” (3, 5). There is increasing awareness of the importance of improving outcomes for family caregivers and that support for family caregivers can also improve patient outcomes (6, 7).

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