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Name of Media:

The impact of the patient post-intensive care syndrome components upon caregiver burden

Author(s):

J. Torresa, D. Carvalhoa, E. Molinosa, C. Valesa, A. Ferreiraa, C.C. Diasb,c, R. Araújoa, E. Gomesa

Publisher or Source:

Medicina intensiva

Type of Media:

Medical Journal

Media Originally for:

Critical Care Physicians

Country of Origin:

Italy

Primary Focus of Media:

Post Intensive Care Syndrome (PICS)

COVID-19 Related:

No

Description:

Objective

To evaluate patient post-intensive care syndrome (PICS-P) and caregiver burden 3 months after discharge from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and determine the impact of different components of PICS-P upon caregiver burden.
Design

A prospective observational study was conducted over 26 months (January 2013–February 2015).
Setting

Medical-surgical ICU and follow-up consultation in Portugal.
Patients or participants

Patients discharged after a minimum of 2 days in the ICU. Caregiver inclusion criteria: not paid, written and spoken Portuguese, and agreement to participate in the study.
Main variables of interest

In ICU: Patient gender, age, severity of illness (SAPS II) and length of ICU stay. At 3 months caregiver burden, physical (reduced mobility, weakness acquired in the ICU) and psychological components of PICS (anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder).
Results

A total of 168 caregivers completed the survey (response rate of 69%). A low degree of overburden was reported by 34.5% of caregivers, while 15.5% showed moderate to high levels of overburden.

Patient anxiety and depression 3 months after ICU discharge significantly influenced the presence of caregiver burden (p=0.030 vs p=0.008).

When physical components of PICS-P were evaluated, no influence on caregiver burden was observed. Patient demographics, severity of illness and length of stay also failed to influence caregiver burden.
Conclusions

The presence of psychological components of PICS-P 3 months after ICU seems to have a negative impact upon caregiver burden. On the other hand, physical problems showed no important impact upon caregiver overburden.

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