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Improving the Patient Experience by Implementing an ICU Diary for Those at Risk of Post-intensive Care Syndrome
K. Taylor A. Blair, BA, RN, Sarah D. Eccleston, MSN, RN, ACCNS-AG, WCC, Hannah M. Binder, BSN, RN, and Mary S. McCarthy, PhD, RN, FAAN
Journal of Patient Experience
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Critical Care Physicians, General Medical Professionals, Nurses and/or Other Critical Care Medical Professionals
The critical care literature in the US has recently brought attention to the impact an ICU experience can have long after the patient survives critical illness, particularly if delirium was present. Current recommendations to mitigate post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) are embedded in patient and family-centered care and aim to promote family presence in the ICU, provide support for decision-making, and enhance communication with the health-care team. Evidence-based interventions are few in number but include use of an ICU diary to minimize the psychological and emotional sequelae affecting patients and family members in the months following the ICU stay. In this paper we describe our efforts to implement an ICU diary and solicit feedback on its role in fostering teamwork and communication between patients, family members, and ICU staff. Next steps will involve a PICS follow-up clinic where trained staff will coordinate specialty referrals and perform long-term monitoring of mental health and other quality of life outcomes.
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