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COVID-19 Related


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The Behavioral Pain Scale (BPS)

Critical Illness, Brain Dysfunction, and Survivorship (CIBS) Center

Critical Illness, Brain Dysfunction, and Survivorship (CIBS) Center


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Critical Care Physicians, Nurses and/or Other Critical Care Medical Professionals


Adult ICU patients routinely experience pain, both at rest and with routine ICU care such as procedures or wound care. Lack of treatment of pain can result in many complications including delirium. The PADIS Guidelines suggest that pain be routinely monitored in all adult ICU patients. Self- reporting is the gold standard for assessment of pain. Vital signs should not be used alone for assessment of pain in patients that are unable to communicate. The Behavioral Pain Scale (BPS) and the Critical‐Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) are the most valid and reliable behavioral pain scales for assessing pain in adult, ICU patients unable to communicate pain.

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